Manhattan GMAT has developed a special process for Sentence Correction (SC). Some students and classes have seen it, but here we are sharing it publicly! Read on and let us know what you think.
The Five Steps for Sentence Correction
- Take a first glance.
- Read the sentence.
- Find a starting point.
- Eliminate answers.
- Repeat steps 3 and 4.
As with any process, you will sometimes decide to deviate for some good reason. For most questions, though, you will follow this basic process.
- Take a First Glance
The idea here is to take a “holistic” glance at the entire screen: let your eyes go slightly out of focus (do NOT read!), look at about the middle of whatever text is on the screen, and take in three things:
– the problem type (in this case, SC)
– the length of the whole sentence
– the length of the underline (or the length of the answers)
This first glance will help you formulate a plan of attack.
2. Read the Sentence
Next, read the sentence as a complete sentence, not just a collection of potential grammar issues. Pay attention to the overall meaning that the sentence is trying to convey.
3. Find a Starting Point
4. Eliminate Answers
When you spot something you know is wrong, immediately cross off answer (A) on your scrap paper. Check that same issue (and only that issue!) in the remaining answer choices; eliminate any answers that repeat the error.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4
SC is a bit annoying in that your initial starting point often will not allow you to cross off all four wrong answers. You usually have to find multiple starting points.
Once you have dealt with one issue, return either to the original sentence or to a comparison of the answer choices, wherever you left off.
What to Do When You Are Stuck
In general, once you get stuck, give yourself one shot to “unstick” yourself. Try comparing different answers to see whether anything new pops out at you. If not, guess and move on.
Half the battle on the GMAT is knowing when to stop trying. Set explicit “cutoffs” for yourself—rules for when to let go—and stick to them!
Got all of that? Good!
In the second and third parts of this series, I will give you some drills that you can use to build the different skills needed to get through an SC problem. Until then, go ahead and practice the overall process until you internalize the different steps. Good luck!